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explain the establishment clause

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It does so because the framers of the First Amendment recognized that when the roles of the government and religion are intertwined, the result too often has been bloodshed or oppression. In other words, the law written by Thomas Jefferson makes the claim that God exists. The Establishment Clause should be understood, then, as an attempt both to (1) prohibit such an establishment at the national level, and (2) offer protection of each state’s right to maintain such an establishment within its own borders. "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion" (the Establishment Clause) "or prohibiting the free exercise thereof" (the Free Exercise Clause).As constitutional scholar George Goldberg stated, "It was equally agreed that, just as the federal government should be … What is the purpose of the establishment clause? The Establishment Clause issues are quite different where a school district wishes to make its facilities available for use by student or community groups during non-school hours. The Establishment Clause properly understood does not require otherwise. The First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof." All states disestablished religion by 1833, and in the 1940s the Supreme Court held that disestablishment applies to state governments through the Fourteenth Amendment. The establishment clause sets up a line of demarcation between the functions and operations of the institutions of religion and government in our society. Three main theories exist regarding the Establishment Clause.The first view is Jefferson’s “strict separation”, which seeks … The Establishment Clause prevents the government, whether it be federal, state, or local, from establishing an official religion. The Court deferred to Jefferson because Jefferson wrote the law upon which Congress based the Establishment Clause, the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom. A major example is in the 2002 case Zelman v.Simmons-Harris.The case centered on a voucher program where parents could choose to have their children attend religious or nonreligious private schools if a local public school failed. The two "religion clauses" of the First Amendment appear at the beginning of the Amendment. Religion. The language of the Establishment Clause itself applies only to the federal government (“Congress shall pass no law respecting an establishment of religion”). 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